• 首页|编委会|期刊简介|期刊荣誉|投稿指南|联系我们|过刊浏览|在线留言
王景伟,李大鹏,潘宙,郭威,谢从新,何绪刚,亓成龙.架设生物浮床对池塘养殖鱼类生长和肌肉品质特性的影响[J].华中农业大学学报,2015,34(4):108-113
架设生物浮床对池塘养殖鱼类生长和肌肉品质特性的影响
Effect of bio-floating bed on growth performance and flesh quality of fish in culture pond
投稿时间:2014-12-26  
DOI:
中文关键词:  生长  肌肉品质  池塘养殖  生物浮床  草鱼  团头鲂
英文关键词:growth  flesh quality  pond farming  bio-floating bed  Ctenopharyngodon idellus  Megalobrama amblycephala
基金项目:现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-46-15);中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2013PY024);湖北省自然科学基金重点项目(2012FFA029)
作者单位E-mail
王景伟 华中农业大学水产学院/淡水水产健康养殖湖北省协同创新中心/农业部淡水生物繁育重点实验室武汉430070 jwwang@webmail.hzau.edu.cn 
李大鹏 华中农业大学水产学院/淡水水产健康养殖湖北省协同创新中心/农业部淡水生物繁育重点实验室武汉430070 ldp@mail.hzau.edu.cn 
潘宙 湖北省公安县水产科学技术推广中心荆州 434300  
郭威 华中农业大学水产学院/淡水水产健康养殖湖北省协同创新中心/农业部淡水生物繁育重点实验室武汉430070  
谢从新 华中农业大学水产学院/淡水水产健康养殖湖北省协同创新中心/农业部淡水生物繁育重点实验室武汉430070  
何绪刚 华中农业大学水产学院/淡水水产健康养殖湖北省协同创新中心/农业部淡水生物繁育重点实验室武汉430070  
亓成龙 华中农业大学水产学院/淡水水产健康养殖湖北省协同创新中心/农业部淡水生物繁育重点实验室武汉430070  
摘要点击次数: 523
全文下载次数: 7219
中文摘要:
      选择草鱼主养池塘为研究池塘,分析架设生物浮床的池塘中草鱼(Ctenopharyngodon idellus)和团头鲂(Megalobrama amblycephala)的生长和肌肉品质特性。池塘养殖试验时间为180 d,试验期间测定草鱼和团头鲂生长指标,并利用生化分析和物性分析方法测定肌肉营养成分、系水力和质构特性。试验结果表明:试验池塘的草鱼和团头鲂的终末体质量高于对照池塘的养殖鱼类;试验池塘2种鱼的肥满度都显著高于对照池塘;试验池塘和对照池塘空壳体质量比没有显著差异。试验池塘草鱼和团头鲂的肌肉滴水损失和失水率均显著低于对照池塘,而熟肉率显著高于对照池塘。试验池塘的鱼类肌肉粗蛋白显著高于对照池塘;粗脂肪含量都高于对照池塘,在草鱼中差异显著,团头鲂差异不显著;试验池塘草鱼水分显著低于对照池塘,团头鲂水分和2种鱼灰分都没有显著差异。肌肉的质构特性分析表明,试验池塘草鱼的硬度、胶黏性、咀嚼性显著高于对照池塘;试验池塘草鱼回复性和凝聚性显著低于对照池塘,试验池塘团头鲂肌肉弹性显著高于对照池塘。
英文摘要:
      In this study,we investigated the effect of bio-floating bed on growth and muscle quality of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) and blunt snout bream(Megalobrama amblycephala) in ponds.Two modes of culture ponds were chosen:one equipped with bio-floating bed was the experimental pond,and the other without beds was the control pond.At the end of the experiment,we measured the growth parameters,the muscle conventional nutrients,water holding capacity (WHC),and texture characteristics using biochemical and physical methods.The results showed that the final weight of fish cultured in the experimental pond was higher than that in the control pond.The hepatic somatic index of grass carp (1.77%) in the experimental pond was significantly lower than that of the control (2.47%).The condition factors of grass carp and blunt snout bream (1.73 and 2.56,respectively) were significantly higher than those of the control (1.64 and 2.40,respectively).There was no significant difference in the eviscerated weight of both carp and bream between the experimental (91.06 and 88.28,respectively) and the control (89.22 and 88.49,respectively) ponds.The drop loss (14.49% and 10.69,respectively) and water loss rate (17.52% and 10.34%,respectively) of the experimental grass carp and blunt snout bream were significantly lower than those of the control.The cooked rate of the experimental fish was significantly higher than the control.The muscle crude fat content (1.89%) and crude protein content (14.60%) of grass carp in the experimental ponds were significantly higher than those of the control (1.54% and 13.46%),whereas muscle water content (81.68%) of the experimental fish was significantly lower than that (82.65%) of the control.There is no significant difference in muscle ash content between the two groups.Unlike grass carp,only muscle crude protein content (17.23%) of the experimental bream was significantly higher than that (15.90%) of the control.The muscular hardness,gumminess,and chewiness of the experimental carp (5 298.10 g,2 450.78 g and 770.78 g,respectively) were significantly higher than those of the control (3 226.79 g,1 881.43 g and 602.80 g,respectively).The resilience (0.31) and cohesion (0.48) of experimental carp were significantly lower than those (0.43 and 0.58,respectively) of the control.However,only the muscular springiness of the blunt snout bream in the experimental pond was significantly higher than that in the control pond.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭
版权所有:华中农业大学学报(自然科学版)  
主管单位:教育部 主办单位:华中农业大学 地址:湖北武汉南湖狮子山华中农业大学内
电话:027-87287364 电子邮件:hnlkxb@mail.hzau.edu.cn
您是本站第4798905位访问者  今日一共访问3244次  
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司