In recent years,the potato virus-free technology is becoming more and more matured in China. The output of virus-free seed potato is increasing year by year,but the production cost is also rising sharply,which seriously limits the promotion and application of virus-free seed potato. In this article,the agronomic processes of virus-free seed potato including the basic agronomic process of shoot tip detoxification,test tube culture,expanding propagation,medium culture,field propagation were summarized. Analyzed the mechanization production technology needed in each production process including the machine vision system,the technology of grasping and cutting tissue culture seedlings needed in the process of tissue culture,condition control system of growth in greenhouse,intelligent environment monitoring system needed in medium culture process,virus-free seed potato seeding technology needed in the virus-free seed potato seeding process was analyzed. The situation of equipment for virus-free seed potato production mechanization including the mechanical equipment needed in the process of expanding propagation,medium culture,virus-free seed potato seeding at home and abroad was summarized. Advices on strengthening the research of integrating agricultural machinery with agronomic technology,accelerating the study of mechanism of basic common technology,striving for the support of policies and funds,and accelerating the development of seed potato industry and mechanization in China are proposed to promote the automation and intelligence of the virus-free seed potato production technology and equipment,so as to increase the application of high-quality micro-potatoes and promote the development of potato industry in China.