Fruit fly pests,as important quarantine pests for fruit and vegetable in South China and Southwest China,have become more and more serious in Central China in recent years. However,few studies have been reported. In order to understand the occurrence of fruit fly pests and related meteorological factors in Central China,we determined the population dynamics of the fruit flies in the fruit orchards in Huazhong Agricultural University and the vegetable fields in Economic Crops Research Institute,Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Nanhu district of Wuhan City from April 2016 to April 2017. Methyl eugenol and cuelure were used as sex attractants to conduct trapping surveys,and the meteorological factors of Huazhong Agricultural University were used to conduct meteorological analysis. The results showed that the fruit flies caught in the present research were Bactrocera tau (Walker) and B. dorsalis (Hendel). The population dynamics patterns of the two different survey sites were very similar. The B. tau began to appear from May to early June,reached the first peak during July August,followed by a sharp decline,and reached a second small peak from late September to October (except for pear orchard and vegetable fields). While B. dorsalis began to appear after the end of June,reached the peak from late August to early September,and did not have the second small peak (except for the citrus orchard). The occurrence of the two fruit fly pests showed obvious phenomenon of peak shift. According to the statistical analysis of correlation and principal components,temperature conditions (including average temperature,average minimal temperature,and average maximal temperature) and average sunshine duration were assumed to be the key meteorological factors affecting fruit fly population dynamics. In summary,the fruit fly pests in Wuhan were mainly B. tau and B. dorsalis and the population dynamics of the two fruit fly pests indicated a significant peak shift from July to September.