中国与“一带一路”沿线国家农产品产业内贸易及其影响因素研究
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中国农业科学院农业经济与发展研究所

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F 752.7

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国家自然科学基金项目(71703157;71961147001);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(161005202004-2-2);中国农业科学院科技创新工程(ASTIP-IAED-2020-06)。


Agricultural Intra-Industry Trade between China and Countries along the “Belt and Road” and Its Influencing Factors
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Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development

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    摘要:

    采用G-L指数、BI指数、MIIT指数和VIIT指数,测算了2000—2018年中国与“一带一路”沿线国家农产品产业内贸易状况,并实证分析了农产品产业内贸易的影响因素。结果表明,中国与沿线国家农产品产业内贸易水平整体上较低,但双方半数类别农产品以产业内贸易为主;中国与沿线国家农产品贸易增量变化主要来源于产业间贸易,但产业内贸易的作用趋于增强;中国与沿线国家农产品产业内贸易增量变化主要来源于垂直型产业内贸易且在“一带一路”倡议提出后的作用明显增强;中国与沿线各地区农产品产业内贸易存在明显地区差异,与东南亚、南亚在“一带一路”倡议提出后以产业内贸易为主,与西亚及埃及、中亚及蒙古、中东欧及西欧则一直以产业间贸易为主;经济规模、地理距离、产品差异、市场开放度、外商直接投资、贸易不平衡、收入不平等、“一带一路”倡议提出和自由贸易协定签署对中国与沿线国家农产品产业内贸易具有显著影响。

    Abstract:

    G-L index, BI index, MIIT index and VIIT index are used to measure agricultural intra-industry trade between China and Countries along the “Belt and Road” (simply referred as “the Countries”) during 2000-2018, and its influencing factors are further empirical analyzed. The results indicate that, the total level of agricultural intra-industry trade between China and the Countries is relatively low, but half of various agricultural products are dominated by intra-industry trade. The main source of incremental change of agricultural trade between China and the Countries is inter-industry trade, but the effect of intra-industry trade tends to strengthen. The main source of incremental change of agricultural intra-industry trade between China and the Countries is vertical intra-industry trade, and the effect of which tends to strengthen since the launch of “Belt and Road” Initiative. There are obvious regional differences in agricultural intra-industry trade between China and the Countries, for South East Asia and South Asia are mainly intra-industry trade since the launch of “Belt and Road” Initiative, and for West Asia and Egypt, Central Asia and Mongolia, and Central and Eastern Europe and Western Europe are always inter-industry trade. Economic scale, geographical distance, product differences, market openness, foreign direct investment, trade imbalance, income inequality, launch of “Belt and Road” Initiative and signing of free trade agreement have significant impact on agricultural intra-industry trade between China and the Countries.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-07-08
  • 最后修改日期:2020-08-17
  • 录用日期:2020-09-03
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