资本回乡背景下农民合作的内在结构与组织实践
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华中科技大学 社会学院

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C912.3

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国家社科基金重点项目“乡村振兴战略实施中的地方政府行为研究”(18ASH005)


The Inner Structure and Organization Practice of Farmer Cooperation under the Background of Returning Capital
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School of sociology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology

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    摘要:

    如何促成农民间的联结与合作,是乡村发展与治理面临的一个关键问题。将农民间的自组织合作视为一种集体行动,并基于集体行动理论,具体通过考察鄂中林村美丽乡村建设的案例实践,论述农民开展自组织合作的实践过程,并对促成合作的发生机制和行为逻辑展开了具体分析。研究发现,关键群体的成本分担、信任网络的组织建立与村社内部的行动伦理,共同形塑了农户的合作意愿与合作能力,并最终促成了合作的达成。其中,经济精英返乡解决了启动合作的资源提供和制度供给难题,为合作提供了前提基础;资本回乡与能人治理培育了维持合作的信任结构与制度力量,为合作提供了约束保障;村社成员的行动伦理与情感道义塑造了独特的成本-收益分配方式,为合作的达成提供了重要支撑。据此提出,美丽乡村建设应该同样重视村庄内部自组织力量的建设,以保障村庄发展与振兴的持久动力来源。

    Abstract:

    How to promote the connection and cooperation among farmers is a key problem in rural development and governance. Based on the theory of collective action, regarding the cooperation among farmers as a kind of collective action, this paper discusses the specific process of peasants" self-organization and cooperation through investigating the case practice of the construction of beautiful village, and analyzes the mechanism and behavior logic of the cooperation. It is found that the cost-sharing of key groups, the establishment of trust network and the action ethics within the community jointly shape the cooperation willingness and cooperation ability of farmers, and ultimately promote cooperation. Specifically, the return of economic elites solves the problem of resource supply to start cooperation and provides a prerequisite for cooperation; the return of capital and governance of capable people cultivate the trust structure and institutional strength to maintain cooperation, which provides a constraint guarantee for cooperation; the action ethics and emotional morality of village members shape a unique cost-benefit distribution and provide an important support for cooperation. Therefore, the construction of beautiful villages should also pay attention to the construction of internal self-organization forces in order to ensure the sustainable power source of village development and revitalization.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-06-30
  • 最后修改日期:2020-08-06
  • 录用日期:2020-08-10
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