School of sociology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
How to promote the connection and cooperation among farmers is a key problem in rural development and governance. Based on the theory of collective action, regarding the cooperation among farmers as a kind of collective action, this paper discusses the specific process of peasants" self-organization and cooperation through investigating the case practice of the construction of beautiful village, and analyzes the mechanism and behavior logic of the cooperation. It is found that the cost-sharing of key groups, the establishment of trust network and the action ethics within the community jointly shape the cooperation willingness and cooperation ability of farmers, and ultimately promote cooperation. Specifically, the return of economic elites solves the problem of resource supply to start cooperation and provides a prerequisite for cooperation; the return of capital and governance of capable people cultivate the trust structure and institutional strength to maintain cooperation, which provides a constraint guarantee for cooperation; the action ethics and emotional morality of village members shape a unique cost-benefit distribution and provide an important support for cooperation. Therefore, the construction of beautiful villages should also pay attention to the construction of internal self-organization forces in order to ensure the sustainable power source of village development and revitalization.