小农户农业生产环节外包的主观意愿与客观程度的差异研究 ——基于山东临沂小麦种植户的实证分析
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中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院

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国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)


A Study on the Difference between Subjective Willingness and Objective Degree of Small Farmers"" Agricultural Production Outsourcing — An empirical study on wheat growers in Linyi, Shandong Province
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Renmin University of China

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    摘要:

    农业生产环节外包日益成为推进农业规模化经营的重要途径。现阶段农户生产环节外包所面临的主要问题已经从“是否参与”转变为“参与程度”的问题。为此,本文基于山东临沂小麦种植户的实地调研的数据,采用截尾回归模型,对农户主观外包意愿和客观外包程度产生巨大差异的原因进行了实证分析。结论表明,农户采纳农业生产环节外包的主客观差异巨大的主要原因是信息不对称、供给需求矛盾和农户土地禀赋差异。这些发现为推进农业社会化服务市场的供求均衡提供了有益参考。

    Abstract:

    Agricultural production outsourcing has increasingly become an important way to promote large-scale agricultural management. At present, the main problem faced by farmers in the outsourcing of production links has changed from "whether to participate" to "the degree of participation". For this reason, based on the field survey data of wheat growers in Linyi, Shandong, this paper uses a censored regression model to conduct an empirical analysis of the reasons why farmers ’s subjective outsourcing willingness and objective outsourcing are very different. The conclusions show that the main reason for the huge difference is the information asymmetry, the contradiction between supply and demand, and the difference in farmer""s land endowment. These findings provide a useful reference for promoting the balance of supply and demand in the agricultural social service market.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-06-02
  • 最后修改日期:2020-07-08
  • 录用日期:2020-07-30
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