普遍道德、公共领导力与小农水集体治理
DOI:
作者:
作者单位:

电子科技大学

作者简介:

通讯作者:

中图分类号:

基金项目:

教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金“普遍道德、公共领导力与小型农田水利设施村民自治研究”(20YJC790162);中国博士后科学基金资助项目“农田水利设施村民自治研究:普遍道德与制度约束视角”(2019M660238)。


Generalized Morality, Public Leadership and Collective Governance of Small-Scale Irrigation and Water Conservancy Facilities
Author:
Affiliation:

University of Electronic Science and Technology of China

Fund Project:

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 资源附件
  • |
  • 文章评论
    摘要:

    集体治理是破解小型农田水利设施(简称“小农水”)治理主体缺位难题,实现设施有人用、有人管良性循环的重要方式。从普遍道德和公共领导力视角,探索小农水集体治理,以期解决小农水治理的激励机制缺位和绩效低下等问题,突破小农水自主治理困境。利用黄河灌区宁夏、山西及山东723个农户的微观调研数据,考虑普遍道德和公共领导力因素,结合农户农业收入水平及其所处省份,选取多群组结构方程模型,研究小农水集体治理。结果表明,普遍道德和公共领导力能显著促进小农水治理集体行动和治理绩效,集体行动能显著提升小农水集体治理绩效,公共领导力与普遍道德能显著相互促进。多群组分析表明,农户农业收入水平及其所处省份能显著调节小农水治理集体行动和绩效。因此,政府可以结合不同地区农户农业收入情况,通过深化普遍道德培育、培训村庄领导者和鼓励村庄精英治村等方式促进小农水集体治理。

    Abstract:

    The collective governance is an important way to solve the problem of the absence of the governance subject of farmland water conservancy facilities and realize the virtuous circle in which facilities are used and managed. This paper explores the collective governance of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities from the perspective of generalized morality and public leadership. Our purpose is to solve the problems of lack of incentive mechanism and low governance performance, and finally break through self-governing dilemma of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities. The data used in this paper are micro-village survey data of 723 households in Ningxia, Shanxi and Shandong provinces along the Yellow River basin. This paper mainly studied the collective governance of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities. A Multi-group Structural Equation model was selected to analyze the data based on the household agricultural income and province. The results showed that generalized morality and public leadership can significantly positively affect the collective action and governance performance. Collective action had significant and positive effects on the collective governance performance. The public leadership and households’ generalized morality promoted each other remarkably. Multi-group analysis showed that the household agricultural income level and province can significantly moderate the collective action and governance performance of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities. Therefore, the government can promote the collective governance of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities by deepening the cultivation of generalized morality, training village leaders and encouraging village elites to govern villages by combining the agricultural income in different regions.

    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
  • HTML阅读次数:
  • 引用次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-08
  • 最后修改日期:2020-06-01
  • 录用日期:2020-06-08
  • 在线发布日期:
  • 出版日期: