城镇集中安置型易地扶贫搬迁社区的社会稳定风险分析
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贵州大学

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C916

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贵州大学引进人才科研项目(2017006)、贵州大学文科重点学科重大科研项目“县级政府治理能力及其评价研究”(GDZT201709)和贵州基层社会治理创新高端智库建设阶段性成果


Analysis on the social stability risk of the relocated communities with centralized resettlement
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China Agricultural University

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    摘要:

    易地扶贫搬迁社区作为我国精准扶贫的直接产物,取得了巨大成就,但也应时刻保持风险意识。城镇集中安置型易地扶贫搬迁社区的易地搬迁贫困户虽借助国家力量实现了居住空间、户籍和部分公共服务的跨越式城镇化,但由于短期内无法实现生计能力的快速提高,因此无法实现生产方式、生活方式、文明素质等“能力城镇化”和“素质城镇化”,这种“半城镇化”使得易地搬迁贫困户在城镇这样一个“高风险”社会中,出现了个人能力和素质无法适应城镇要求的矛盾,也因此让他们可能遇到包括失业风险、经济风险、安全风险、信任风险、房产变卖风险、社会融合困境等八种社会稳定风险。为了维护社会稳定,我国应通过加大易地扶贫搬迁后续扶持,完善“易扶社区”风险防控机制和加强“易扶社区”的社会支持体系建设等方式来提高城镇集中安置型“易扶社区”的社会稳定风险治理能力。

    Abstract:

    As the direct product of targeted poverty alleviation in China, " Migrant Communities " have made great achievements, but they should also keep risk awareness at all times. Although the relocation of poor households in the " Migrant Communities " of urban centralized resettlement has realized the "Leaping urbanization" of living space, household registration and part of public services with the help of national forces, it has not realized the "ability urbanization" and "quality urbanization" of production mode, life style and civilization quality. This "semi urbanization" makes the relocation of poor households in such a city In the "high risk" society, there is a contradiction that individual ability and quality can not meet the requirements of cities and towns. Therefore, they may encounter "ten risks" including employment risk, economic risk, dependence risk, trust risk, psychological risk, development risk, etc. In order to maintain social stability, we should increase the follow-up support for poverty alleviation and relocation, improve the risk prevention and control mechanism of "easy to help communities" and strengthen the construction of social support system of " Migrant Communities " to improve the social stability risk governance capacity of "easy to help communities".

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  • 收稿日期:2020-04-29
  • 最后修改日期:2020-06-25
  • 录用日期:2020-07-14
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