中国重要农业文化遗产:内涵再识、保护进展与难点突破
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1.农业农村部农村经济研究中心;2.四川大学文学与新闻学院

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国家社科基金青年项目“贫困地区农业文化遗产活态保护与产业扶贫协同路径研究”(17CSH012)


Important Agricultural Heritage System in China: Connotation Recognition, Protection Progress and Difficulty Breakthrough
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1.Research Center for Rural Economy, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs;2.The College of Literature and Journalism,Sichuan University

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    摘要:

    中国是全球重要农业文化遗产保护的推动者、贡献者和引领者,为世界提供了中国智慧和中国方案。文章从世界范围的遗产体系和农业遗产体系两个维度再次认识重要农业文化遗产的内涵与特征。总结了中国在重要农业文化遗产保护领域的主要进展,重要农业文化遗产发掘认定工作全面铺开,保护管理机制不断完善,多学科研究逐步拓展和深入,社会影响力显著增强,多功能价值开始显现,国际交流合作日益频繁。分析了重要农业文化遗产保护面临的困境和问题,包括内涵理解与保护理念的认识偏差,遗产保护政策支持力度不够,保护和管理机制不健全,科学研究和管理人才缺乏以及国际影响力和保护力度有待加强。提出深入推动重要农业文化遗产保护亟需增强动态保护与科学利用的认知,健全管理和利用的体制机制,加强政策支持力度,推动科学研究和人才培养工作,强化中国在该领域的引领作用。

    Abstract:

    China is the promoter, contributor and leader of the world's important agricultural heritage protection, providing the world with China's wisdom and China's program. This paper reconstructs the connotation and characteristics of important agricultural heritage from two dimensions of world heritage system and agricultural heritage system. This paper summarizes China's main progress in the field of important agricultural heritage protection. The work of excavation and identification of important agricultural heritage has been carried out in an all-round way, the protection and management mechanism has been continuously improved, multi-disciplinary research has been gradually expanded and deepened, social influence has been significantly enhanced, multi-functional values have begun to show, and international exchanges and cooperation have become increasingly frequent. This paper analyzes the dilemmas and problems faced by the protection of important agricultural heritage, including the deviation between the understanding of connotation and the concept of protection, the insufficient support of heritage protection policies, the imperfect mechanism of protection and management, the lack of scientific research and management talents, and the need to strengthen international influence and protection. In order to further promote the protection of important agricultural heritage, it is necessary to strengthen the understanding of dynamic protection and scientific utilization, improve the system and mechanism of management and utilization, strengthen policy support, promote scientific research and personnel training, and strengthen China's leading role in this field.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-03-16
  • 最后修改日期:2020-07-08
  • 录用日期:2020-08-04
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