土地承包法修改是否促进了农户城市落户意愿?
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浙江大学中国农村发展研究院

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国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)


[1] Lewis. Economic Development with Unlimited Supplies of Labour[D]the Manchester school.1954(2)[2] Harris.Migration,Unemployment and Development: a Two-sector Analysis[J]American Economic review.1970(1)
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China Academy for Rural Development

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    摘要:

    农户的城市落户决策不仅受到自身条件的影响,还受到落户政策约束。2019年我国农村土地承包法修改落户条款为“不得以退出集体土地为城市落户条件”,政策调整是否能促进我国城镇化发展,本文利用484份农户问卷,对该问题进行探讨。研究结果表明:承包法修改提高了农户的城市落户意愿,有26.3%的农户从不愿意转变为愿意城市落户;有教育需求的农户家庭更容易被政策释放,农户家庭原始土地禀赋并不影响农户落户意愿变迁;此外,城市生存能力强、对外界包容程度高的农户家庭也更容易在此次政策变迁中改变落户意愿。研究进一步表明,承包法修改后,城市不仅需要做好阶段性的扩容工作,更需关注教育与就业领域的相关匹配。

    Abstract:

    Farmers' urban settlement decision is not only influenced by their own conditions, but also constrained by the settlement policy.In the rural land contract law of China in 2019, the article on settling down is amended to read "no withdrawal from collective land is allowed as a condition for settling down in cities". Whether the policy adjustment can promote the development of urbanization in China, this paper USES 484 questionnaires of rural households to discuss this issue.The results show that the modification of the contract law has improved the willingness of farmers to settle down in cities, and 26.3% of them are willing to settle down in cities instead of in cities.Rural households with educational needs are more likely to be released by the policy.In addition, households with strong urban viability and a high degree of tolerance to the outside world are more likely to change their intention to settle down in this policy change.The research further shows that after the modification of the contract law, cities not only need to expand their capacity in stages, but also need to pay more attention to the correlation between education and employment.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-03-15
  • 最后修改日期:2020-04-10
  • 录用日期:2020-05-03
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