生态保护红线管理立法理念及其实践检讨
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华南农业大学文法学院

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注:参与周珂教授主持的“《北京市生态保护红线管理条例》立项论证课题”基础研究成果之一。


Review on the Legislation Concept of Ecological Protection Red Line Management and Its Practice
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College of Humanities & Law of South China Agricultural University

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    摘要:

    “生态保护红线”是我国生态环境保护的制度创新,切合发展和环境管理的需求,是实施生态文明建设方略的重要举措。然而,生态保护红线制度不宜停留在政策指引层面,其权威性必须依靠立法创制保障;唯有将其政策概念和管制要求上升到立法规制层面,方能为实施生态系统保护规划、生态底线维护提供有效保障。各地生态保护红线规制实践或立法探索表明,其立法基础及规范体系渐趋明朗,亟待完善相关立法,筑牢生态红线管理法治化框架,促使生态保护红线制度“落地”,有待于通过制定单行法、相关立法特别是地方立法加以明确。贯彻生态保护红线立法理念是我国现阶段生态保护法治化的核心要求,除了政策指向、相关立法协调规制以外,还必需通过一系列配套机制及实施措施予以支撑保障。

    Abstract:

    The “Red Line of Ecological Protection” is an institutional innovation in China's ecological environment protection. Delineating the red line of ecological protection to meet the needs of China's development and environmental management is an important practice in the construction of ecological civilization at this stage. However, the red line system of ecological protection cannot stay at the level of policy guidance, and its authority must rely on legislation to create guarantees; only if its policy concepts and regulatory requirements are raised to the level of legislation, it can effectively provide for the implementation of ecosystem protection planning and ecological bottom line maintenance. Guarantee. The practice or legislative exploration of the red line regulation of ecological protection shows that the legislative basis and normative system are becoming clearer, and it is urgent to improve relevant legislation, to build a legal framework for ecological red line management, and to promote the ecological protection red line system to be consistently “landed”. The single-line law, relevant legislation, especially local legislation, is clarified. Implementing the red line legislative concept of ecological protection is the core requirement of the legalization of ecological protection in China at present. In addition to policy direction and relevant legislation and regulation, it must be supported by a series of supporting mechanisms and implementation measures.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-03-13
  • 最后修改日期:2020-04-19
  • 录用日期:2020-04-21
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