School of Public Administration and Policy, RUC.
Based on the evolution trend and current situation of the state-owned farmland system, this paper constructs the improvement scheme of the state-owned farmland system, to satisfy the practical needs of the state-owned farms and farmers. On the basis of state-owned land, land use right can be defined as property right, to promoted the paid use of agricultural land use right steadily. On the basis of the two-field system, the land management right in the basic fields should be modeled as usufructuary property right. And the land management right in the large-scale fields can be set up according to the logic of right and obligation right dichotomy. The long-term land management right is created as real right, and coordinated according to the property law. While the short-term management right is coordinated according to the principle of freedom of contract. In the process of land legislation, two different types of norms should be integrated to distinguish the real rights of state-owned agricultural land from the obligation rights.