乡村振兴背景下特殊信任对返乡创业过程的影响——基于全国返乡创业调查数据的实证分析
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1.清华大学 社会科学学院;2.北京工商大学 经济学院

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The Effect of Special Trust on Entrepreneurship in Rural Area in the context of Rural Revitalization
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1.school of social science;2.school of Economics

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    摘要:

    返乡创业是发展乡村经济并实现乡村振兴的重要途径。本文利用一项在乡村振兴战略实施后针对返乡创业者的全国性调查数据,考察了以亲属为对象的特殊信任对返乡创业全过程的影响。研究发现,特殊信任会使创业者会基于发展型动机进行创业,但会抑制他们通过正规渠道获取政策信息和劳动力,并且对客观的经济绩效未产生促进作用。因此,有关部门在鼓励返乡创业者发挥特殊信任在创业初始阶段的正向影响的基础上,应积极推动优惠政策与创业者之间的对接,强化政策的落地能力,以此提升返乡创业的经济绩效

    Abstract:

    Returning home and starting a business is an important way to develop the rural economy and achieve rural rejuvenation. This article uses the data from a nationwide survey of returnee entrepreneurs after the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, and examines the impact of special trust for relatives on the entire process of returnee entrepreneurship. The study found that special trust will enable entrepreneurs to start businesses based on developmental motivations, but will inhibit them from obtaining policy information and labor through formal channels, and will not promote objective economic performance. Therefore, on the basis of encouraging returnee entrepreneurs to give play to the positive impact of special trust in the initial stage of entrepreneurship, the relevant departments should actively promote the connection between preferential policies and entrepreneurs and strengthen the ability to implement policies to improve returnee entrepreneurship Economic performance.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-20
  • 最后修改日期:2020-03-26
  • 录用日期:2020-05-03
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