家庭代际关系类型及其城乡差异分析——基于2014年中国老年社会追踪调查(CLASS)数据
DOI:
作者:
作者单位:

1.华中科技大学社会学院;2.河南农业大学 社会治理创新研究中心;3.西安交通大学公共政策与管理学院人口与发展研究所

作者简介:

通讯作者:

中图分类号:

C913.6

基金项目:

华中科技大学自主创新研究基金人文项目“代际互动对农村老年人健康状况的影响研究”(编号:2016AC042)


Types of Intergenerational Relations of the Families and Its Differences between Urban and Rural Areas: A Study Based on 2014 China Longitudinal Ageing Social Survey
Author:
Affiliation:

1.School of Sociology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology;2.Research Center for Social Governance Innovation, College of Humanities and Law, Henan Agricultural University;3.Institute for Population and Development Studies, School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi’an Jiaotong University

Fund Project:

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 资源附件
  • |
  • 文章评论
    摘要:

    文章利用2014年中国老年社会追踪调查(CLASS)数据和潜在类别分析方法,从家庭整体视角对老年人家庭代际关系类型及其城乡差异进行了分析。研究发现三种代际关系类型:紧密型、赡养有间型和疏离型,其中紧密型和赡养有间型所占比例较高,疏离型所占比例较小,说明中国家庭代际关系依旧以团结为主。与以往研究所不同的是,本研究中三种类型的共同特点是子女为父母提供了高频的经济与情感支持,其中赡养有间型和疏离型的不和谐环节均是代际空间阻隔所致,说明家庭在保持基本养老的功能的同时但又伴随着明显的代际空间距离的扩大。代际关系类型具有显著的城乡差异,城市占主导是紧密型,农村占主导是赡养有间型,这与人口流动的大背景相符。城乡代际关系类型均体现了利他的合作群体模式,即代际支持总是流向相对弱势的家庭成员,结果显示失能或高龄老人与子女成为疏离型的可能性较低;与此同时,城市代际关系类型还体现了权力与协商模式,即资源越多的老年人越有可能获得子女的支持与关注,城市老年人较好的收入有助于其与子女成为紧密型。

    Abstract:

    Base on the data from the China Longitudinal Ageing Social Survey conducted in 2014, using Latent Class Analysis, this study analyzed the urban-rural differences in the types of intergenerational relations from a whole family perspective. We found three types of intergenerational relations: tight-knit, support but distant, and detached. Among these types, the first two accounted for a larger proportion, and the last accounted for a small proportion, which revealed that the intergenerational relations of Chinese families are still dominated by solidarity. The common characteristic of the three types was that children have provided with high-frequency financial and emotional support for parents, and the discordant parts in the type of “support but distant” and “detached” are both caused by the space barrier between generations, which indicated that families still maintain the function of old-age support, but accompanied with the obvious feature of geographical distant between generations. The relationship types have significant urban-rural differences, urban areas dominated by the type of tight-knit, and rural areas dominated by the type of support but distant, which reflected the background of population migration in China. The types of intergenerational relations in urban and rural areas both embodied the model of corporate group between generations, that is, intergenerational support always flows to the relatively vulnerable family members. Our results showed that the disabled or oldest old are unlikely to form the detached structure with their children. The types of intergenerational relations in rural areas highlighted the model of power and bargaining between generations, that is the old adult with more resources are more likely to get support and attention from their children. We found that urban older adults with higher incomes can help them form a tight-knit structure with their children.

    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
  • HTML阅读次数:
  • 引用次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-10
  • 最后修改日期:2020-04-23
  • 录用日期:2020-04-27
  • 在线发布日期:
  • 出版日期: