农业资源再配置的生产率效应评估 ——基于县级面板数据的实证
DOI:
作者:
作者单位:

华中农业大学经济管理学院

作者简介:

通讯作者:

中图分类号:

基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(71873050)、清华农村研究博士论文奖学金项目(201902)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金项目(2662015PY093)


Assessment of the productivity effect of agricultural resource reallocation: Empirical analysis based on county-level panel data
Author:
Affiliation:

College of Economics & Management, Huazhong Agricultural University

Fund Project:

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 资源附件
  • |
  • 文章评论
    摘要:

    优化农业资源配置对促进农业生产率增长具有重要作用。以劳动生产率、土地生产率和全要素生产率为例,基于2002-2015年1384个县的面板数据,通过OP协方差分解考察了农业资源再配置及其对农业生产率的影响。研究发现:①分要素来看,劳动要素再配置和土地要素再配置均较为滞后,农业综合资源再配置则有所改善;②分地区来看,与东部、中部和西部地区相比,东北地区的劳动要素再配置、土地要素再配置和综合资源再配置均较为滞后;③从生产率效应来看,劳动要素的最优再配置可提升54.64%的劳动生产率,土地要素的最优再配置可提升55.86%的土地生产率,资源再配置贡献了17.37%的全要素生产率增长。农业资源再配置具有较大的潜在生产率效应。为此,应在政策制定上给予农业资源优化配置更多关注,重点推进农业土地和劳动要素的优化配置,充分发挥农业资源再配置对生产率增长的驱动作用。

    Abstract:

    Optimizing the allocation of agricultural resources plays an important role in promoting the growth of agricultural productivity. Based on 1384 county-level panel data from 2002 to 2015, this paper estimates the resource reallocation and its productivity contribution by OP decomposition taking labor productivity, land productivity and total factor productivity as examples. The results show that;① Overall, the reallocation of land factors and labor factors are both relatively lagging, and the comprehensive resource reallocation is continuously optimized. ② From the perspective of sample distribution, the efficient reallocation of labor, land and total factors in northeast region is relatively lagging. ③ From the perspective of productivity effect, the optimal reallocation of labor factors can increase labor productivity by 54.64%, and the optimal reallocation of land factors can increase land productivity by 55.86%, and resource reallocation contributes 17.37% of total factor productivity growth. The resource reallocation has a large potential productivity effect. Therefore, the resource reallocation should gain more attention when putting forward agricultural policy, especially for the reallocation of land and labor, to make full use of the productivity effect of resource reallocation.

    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
  • HTML阅读次数:
  • 引用次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-07
  • 最后修改日期:2020-03-16
  • 录用日期:2020-03-25
  • 在线发布日期:
  • 出版日期: