审慎应对精准扶贫政策的叠加效应及风险研究——以宁夏回族自治区W市为研究
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华中师范大学中国农村研究院

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国务院扶贫开发领导小组办公室项目“非贫困县非贫困村脱贫攻坚形势调查”(XM0820190083 )


Prudent response to the additive effects and risks of precision poverty alleviation policies——Study on W City in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
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Institute for China Rural Studies,Central China Normal University

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    摘要:

    非贫困地区的贫困治理问题作为我国脱贫攻坚战的重要组成部分,不论是从理论上还是在实践中,一直备受关注。本研究通过对W市的重点贫困地区(T县)与非贫困地区(H区)进行实证考察,发现重点贫困地区与非贫困地区存在政策帮扶不平衡的问题,贫困人口可能会陷入福利陷阱、临界贫困人口(非贫困人口)面临悬崖效应的现象。本文通过梳理贫困人口叠加享受扶贫政策的现状,比较分析贫困群体与非贫困群体享受扶贫政策的差异情况,探讨政策叠加在实践过程中产生的意外结果与风险,以把握政策内涵,解决政策依赖性与政府投入的关系,提出扶贫政策的制定与走向更应重视社会的长效发展与公平,从而逐步完善扶贫政策的风险治理机制。

    Abstract:

    Whether it is in theory or in practice, the problem of poverty management in non-poor areas has been receiving much attention as an important part of China's fight against poverty.In this study, through empirical investigations of poor counties (T counties) and non-poor counties (H District) in W city, it was found that there is a problem of unbalanced policy assistance in poor counties and non-poor counties. And poor people may fall into the welfare trap, and non-poor people face a cliff effect. By sorting out the current status of the poverty-stricken people who enjoy poverty alleviation policies, this paper compares and analyzes the differences between the poverty-stricken groups and non-poor groups who enjoy the poverty alleviation policies. And to explore the unexpected results and risks of policy superposition in practice, in order to grasp the connotation of the policy and solve the relationship between policy dependence and government input.This article proposes that the formulation and development direction of poverty alleviation policies should pay more attention to the long-term development and equity of society, and gradually improve the risk governance mechanism of poverty alleviation policies.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-01-03
  • 最后修改日期:2020-04-12
  • 录用日期:2020-07-14
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