非农就业经历、行为能力与新型职业农民经营效率*
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1.华南农业大学 经济管理学院;2.华南农业大学经济管理学院

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基金项目:

国家社科基金重大项目“乡村振兴与深化农村土地制度改革研究”(19ZDA115)、国家社科基金重点项目“农地确权方式及其劳动力转移就业效应研究”(17AJL013)和广东省软科学项目“广东新型职业农民培育的科技和人才支持政策研究”(GD19rkx188)


Non-agricultural Employment Experience, Behavioral Ability and Management Efficiency of New Professional Farmers
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Department of Economic Management,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou

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    摘要:

    文章在理论分析基础上,基于粤赣两省501份问卷调查数据,采取DEA-Tobit两阶段模型和中介效应模型,实证检验非农就业经历、行为能力对新型职业农民经营效率的影响。结果表明:新型职业农民经营综合效率偏低,后期提升空间较大;非农就业经历对新型职业农民综合经营效率具有显著促进作用,且务工经历和经商经历对新型职业农民综合经营效率有正向影响,但从政经历的影响未通过显著性检验;行为能力不仅直接促进新型职业农民综合经营效率的提升,还在“非农经历—经营效率”的正向关系中发挥部分中介作用;学历和地形特征等控制变量的影响通过显著性检验,其余控制变量未通过显著性检验。可见,应激励具有丰富非农就业经历的劳动者到农业创业就业,并对具有不同就业经历有意愿从事农业的劳动者采取差异化培育政策,促进乡村振兴。

    Abstract:

    The article gives an empirical test to the impact of non-agricultural employment experience and behavioral capacity on the operating efficiency of new-type professional farmers, adopting a two-stage model of DEA-Tobit and an mediation effect model, which uses 501 questionnaire survey data from the provinces of Guangdong and Jiangxi, based on the theoretical analysis. The results show that there is low overall efficiency in the new type of professional farmers, and more room for later improvement. The non-agricultural employment experience plays a significant role in promoting the comprehensive management efficiency of new-type professional farmers. It has a positive impact on the work experience and business experience to the comprehensive management efficiency of new-type professional farmers, but the impact of political experience fails to pass the significance test.Behavioural ability not only promotes the improvement of the comprehensive management efficiency of new professional farmersdirectly, but also plays a part of the mediating role in the positive relationship of“non-agricultural experience-management efficiency”.The effects of control variables, such as academic qualifications and terrain features, pass the significance test, when the rest of the control variables fails to pass the significance test. Therefore, workers with rich non-agricultural employment experience should be encouraged to take up employment in agriculture, and the differentiated cultivation policies have to be adopted for workers, who have different employment experiences and are willing to engage in agriculture forthe rural revitalization.

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  • 收稿日期:2019-12-31
  • 最后修改日期:2020-03-15
  • 录用日期:2020-08-04
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