产权安全性、产权认知与土地流转高意愿低行为
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中国农业大学 经济管理学院

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国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目);教育部人文社会科学研究项目;北京市社会科学基金项目


Property security, Property rights cognition and the inconsistent of land transfer intention and behavior
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College of Economics and Management China Agricultural University

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    摘要:

    文章基于全国25省农户微观调查数据,运用Probit模型和Tobit模型,探讨了产权安全性、产权认知对农户土地流转高意愿低行为的作用机制。实证结论表明,土地流转意愿向行为转化需要一系列条件来支撑。当地权稳定性较高时,农户的土地流转意愿可以顺利转化成行为,反之则不能。确权使得农户的土地产权更加明晰,进而可以降低交易成本、提升土地租金,促进转入户土地流转意愿转化为行为,阻碍转出户土地流转意愿转化为行为。与此同时,农户自评的村级流转管制也产生与确权相同的效果。因此,应当在维护地权稳定性的基础上,规范土地经营权交易市场,发挥村集体组织土地流转的优势,为农户进一步参与土地流转市场创造有利条件。

    Abstract:

    Based on the survey data of 25 provinces in China, this paper explores the mechanism of property security and property rights cognition on the inconsistent of land transfer intention and behavior by using Probit model and Tobit model. The empirical results show that there are conditions for the transformation of land transfer intention to behavior. When the stability of land rights is high, the farmers' land transfer intention can be transformed into behavior easily, otherwise it can't. Farmland right confirmation makes the land property rights of farmers more clear, and then by reducing transaction costs and increasing land rent, it can ultimately promote the transformation between farmers' intention and behavior to transfer in and hinder the transformation between farmers' intention and behavior to transfer out. At the same time, the village control also has the same effect as farmland right confirmation. Therefore, on the basis of maintaining the stability of land property rights, the market of land management rights should be standardized. Beyond that in order to create favorable conditions for farmers to participate in the land transfer market, the advantages of village committee in organizing land transfer should be brought into play.

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  • 收稿日期:2019-12-13
  • 最后修改日期:2020-02-18
  • 录用日期:2020-05-03
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