湖北省东部地区农地流转对农户收入的影响 —基于流转双方决策行为的理论与实证分析
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1.华中农业大学土地管理学院;2.华中农业大学理学院

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国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目),教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目


The Impact of Land Transfer on Farmers' Income in the Eastern Part of Hubei Province- Theoretical and empirical analysis based on farmers’ decision-making behavior
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1.Land resource college of Huazhong Agricultural University;2.Science college of Huazhong Agricultural University

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    摘要:

    基于湖北省东部9县(市/区)的农户调研数据,分别运用经济学模型、Logistic模型和倾向得分匹配模型解释了农户土地流转决策的动因,找出了农户土地流转决策的影响因素,并检验了农村土地流转对家庭收入水平与收入结构的影响。研究结果表明:(1)户主文化程度、土地经营面积、农业劳动力人数、政策认知和产权认知对农户转入土地从事规模经营具有显著正向影响,户主年龄、经营类型、养老保险和政策认知是农户转出土地从事非农活动的主要诱因。(2)土地转入和转出均有利于提高农户家庭收入,与非流转户相比,转入户和转出户的家庭收入增长率分别为12.74%和7.57%。(3)农地流转的增收效应在转入户和转出户之间具有显著的结构性差异,前者的经营性收入、工资性收入、转移性收入和财产性收入对家庭增收的贡献率分别为62.87%、26.2%、9.05%和1.84%,后者的贡献率分别为-52.41%、86.99%、25.09%和40.33%。最后,提出了拓宽农民增收渠道的政策建议,如提高土地产权制度激励效应、培育农村多种新型经营主体,并针对不同经营类型的农户采取多元化的农地流转和劳动力扶持政策。

    Abstract:

    To scientifically analyze income changes of farmers’ households after land transfer, this paper explains incentives of decision-making behavior of farmers’ land transfer by micro-economics models, then uses Logistic to analyze influencing factors of farmers’ decision on land transfer and uses Propensity Score Matching to test income effect based on rural household’s data from survey in the eastern part of Hubei province. The results imply that :(1) Education level, land management area, number of agriculural labor force, policy cognition and property right cognition have a significant positive impact on farmers' decision on land flow in. Age of household heads, management type, endowment insurance and policy cognition are the main incentives for farmers to low out land and engage in off-farm activities. (2) Land flow in or out is beneficial to raise farmers’ household income since the income growth rate of land flow-in farmers and land flow-out farmers is 12.74% and 7.57% compared with land non-flow farmers respectively. (3) There are significant structural differences in the income growth effect between land flow in farmers and land flow out farmers. The former contribution rates of operating income, wage income, transfer income and property income to household income increasing are 62.87%, 26.24%, 9.05% and 1.84%, and the latter contribution rates are 52.41%, 88.69%, 25.09% and 40.33% respectively. Finally, some policy suggestions are put forward, such as cultivating new-type agricultural businesses and adopting new transfer pattern to promote the efficiency of agricultural production, as well as further reforming land tenure policy and broadening channel for non-agricultural employment to smoothly transfer rural land and surplus labor force.

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  • 收稿日期:2019-12-09
  • 最后修改日期:2020-02-16
  • 录用日期:2020-05-03
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