School of Economics Lanzhou University，Silk Road Economic Belt Construction Research Center
It is an important part of the performance evaluation of poverty alleviation policies that research about the impact of poverty alleviation policies on the high-quality growth of agricultural economy. Based on the released list of counties and cities in concentrated and contiguous poverty-stricken areas in 2012, this paper takes whether they are included in the list as the identification variable of the inclined support policy, and uses the data of 86 counties and cities in Gansu province from 2009 to 2016 and the DID method for empirical analysis. We found that poverty alleviation policy has a significant positive effect on agricultural economic growth in concentrated and contiguous poverty-stricken areas, however, it has no significant impact on agricultural industrial structure and agricultural technical efficiency. The poverty alleviation policies have achieved remarkable results in supporting deeply impoverished counties, and the policy performance in arid areas and poverty-stricken counties inhabited by ethnic minorities is better than that in humid areas and poverty-stricken counties inhabited by non-ethnic minorities. At the same time, with the continuous implementation of the preferential support policy, the poverty alleviation policy plays an increasingly strong role in promoting the agricultural economy. Overall, poverty alleviation policies have not effectively promotes high-quality growth of agricultural economy.