扶贫政策与农业经济高质量增长 ——基于双重差分法的实证研究
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兰州大学经济学院,丝绸之路经济带建设研究中心

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中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目“农民合作社创新发展研究——以肉羊产业为例”(批准号18LZUJBWYJ060)和“创新“一带一路”国际合作机制研究”(18LZUJBWTD008)


Poverty Alleviation Policies and High-Quality Agricultural Economic Growth:An Empirical Analysis Based on the DID Method
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School of Economics Lanzhou University,Silk Road Economic Belt Construction Research Center

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    摘要:

    研究扶贫政策对农业经济高质量增长的影响,是扶贫政策绩效评价的重要内容。本文基于2012年发布的集中连片特困地区县市名单,将是否进入该名单作为获得倾斜性扶持政策的识别变量,采用甘肃省86个县市2009~2016年的数据以及双重差分法进行实证分析。研究结果表明:扶贫政策对集中连片特困地区的农业经济增长具有显著的正向促进作用;但是,扶贫政策对农业产业结构和农业技术效率并未产生显著影响;扶贫政策对深度贫困县的扶持取得了显著效果,在干旱地区、少数民族聚居贫困县的政策绩效要好于湿润区和非少数民族聚居贫困县;同时,随着倾斜性扶持政策的持续实施,扶贫政策对农业经济的促进作用越来越强。总体而言,扶贫政策未有效推动农业经济高质量增长。

    Abstract:

    It is an important part of the performance evaluation of poverty alleviation policies that research about the impact of poverty alleviation policies on the high-quality growth of agricultural economy. Based on the released list of counties and cities in concentrated and contiguous poverty-stricken areas in 2012, this paper takes whether they are included in the list as the identification variable of the inclined support policy, and uses the data of 86 counties and cities in Gansu province from 2009 to 2016 and the DID method for empirical analysis. We found that poverty alleviation policy has a significant positive effect on agricultural economic growth in concentrated and contiguous poverty-stricken areas, however, it has no significant impact on agricultural industrial structure and agricultural technical efficiency. The poverty alleviation policies have achieved remarkable results in supporting deeply impoverished counties, and the policy performance in arid areas and poverty-stricken counties inhabited by ethnic minorities is better than that in humid areas and poverty-stricken counties inhabited by non-ethnic minorities. At the same time, with the continuous implementation of the preferential support policy, the poverty alleviation policy plays an increasingly strong role in promoting the agricultural economy. Overall, poverty alleviation policies have not effectively promotes high-quality growth of agricultural economy.

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  • 收稿日期:2019-11-03
  • 最后修改日期:2019-12-30
  • 录用日期:2020-02-11
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