不同有机肥和菌肥对库尔勒香梨果实品质及香气的影响
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1.塔里木大学;2.新疆阿拉尔市塔里木大学;3.华中农业大学

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兵团南疆重点产业支撑计划项目(项目编号:2017DB006-2)


Effect of different organic fertilizer and fungus fertilizer on fruit quality and aroma of Korla pear
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Tarim

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XPCC Key Industry Support Plan Project in Southern Xinjiang (Project No. : 2017DB006-2)

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    摘要:

    通过施用不同有机肥和菌肥,研究其对库尔勒香梨果实品质及香气的影响,旨在为提高库尔勒香梨品质的栽培技术措施的制定提供参考。结果表明,施用有机肥、菌肥均整体提高了果实外在、内在品质,尤其能显著增加单果质量、可溶性固形物含量、可溶性糖含量、固酸比、糖酸比和大部分矿质元素含量,显著降低有机酸含量;有机肥和菌肥处理不仅能有效提高香气物质总量和特征香气含量,而且均增加了3种香气物质,分别为醇类物质9-癸烯醇、醛类物质2,6,10-三甲基-9-十一烯醛和烷烃物质壬癸烷;主成分分析表明,海藻酸冲施有机肥和生物有机菌肥施用效果最优。

    Abstract:

    The effect of different combination of organic fertilizer and fungus fertilizer on the fruit quality and aroma of Korla pear was investigated in order to provide reference and basis for improving the quality and cultivation of Korla pear. The results showed that the application of organic fertilizer and bacterial fertilizer could improve the external and internal quality of fruit, especially significantly increase the fruit weight per fruit, soluble solid content, soluble sugar content, solid acid ratio, sugar acid ratio and most mineral elements etc, conversely, significantly reduce the content of organic acid.Organic fertilizer and bacterial fertilizer treatment can not only effectively improve the total aroma substances and characteristic aroma content, highly increased the contents of three aroma substances, i.e.. alcohol substance 9-decenol, aldehyde substance 2,6, 10-trimethyl-9-undecenal and alkane substance nondecane. Principal component analysis showed that alginic acid applied organic fertilizer and biological organic fertilizer had the best effect.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-12-13
  • 最后修改日期:2021-02-03
  • 录用日期:2021-03-16
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