垂直农场是农业和建筑环境跨学科领域研究的最新方向之一。本文以CNKI、SCOPUS和Web of Science（WOS）为数据库，以关键词检索精选出国内外相关文献184篇，采用文献计量学的方法对其进行定量分析，总结了垂直农场研究的现状、发展趋势以及面临的挑战。研究发现：垂直农场的概念于1999年被提出后，前10年的发展较为缓慢，发表的相关文献也很少。而2010年以后，发展提速，文献数量总体呈上升趋势。但不管从总体数量还是核心数据库的收录情况来看，相关研究还是非常不足。对WOS核心合集数据库中的21篇文献分析发现，研究的最新热点不但在农业科技方向，同时也聚焦于环境科学方向，特别是在建筑环境方向大有可为。在对比分析各文献研究内容的基础上对垂直农场的研究热点进一步精炼和总结，并梳理出研究方法。同时，就垂直农场的技术性、经济性和可行性进行了分析，阐述了未来技术的发展方向。研究结果可为国内未来垂直农场的研究和发展提供思路和参考。
The concept of a modern vertical farm was proposed in 1999. Theoretically, it has many advantages over traditional soil-based agriculture. In order to analyze and summarize the development and research status of vertical farms during the past two decades, this article used “vertical farm” and related terms as key words to search literatures from three databases, including CNKI, SCOPUS and Web of Science (WoS). Bibliometrics quantitative analysis was conducted with 184 selected literatures. The research progress was compared in China and internationally. By sorting and categorizing the literature, the research hotspots of vertical farms, as well as their research methods, were summarized. Based on that, the technical and economic feasibility were further analyzed. The results reveal that during the last decade the research on the vertical farm has accelerated, but the overall number of documents is still small, and only 25 relevant documents have been found in the WoS core collection database which represent research of high quality. The starting time of research on vertical farms in China and globally is similar. However, after the introduction of the concept in China, the popularity has declined, accounting for a low proportion of publications in China's core journals (only 10.6%). While international research has maintained a continuous upward trend since 2008 and continues to accelerate. And Nearly a quarter of international researches come from WoS core collection database. Results also presents a research trend in interdisciplinary fields. The research hotspots are mainly in the three aspects: technology integration, economy and feasibility, and ecological and environmental benefits. Research methods cover experimental research, case studies, mathematical modeling analysis, and simulation software analysis. At present, the key technologies involved in vertical farms are basically mature and there are no major obstacles. The key factors restricting its development are the cost-effectiveness and the uncertainty of ecological and environmental impacts, which need to be studied timely. With the continuous improvement of technical level and the proper selection of development strategies, the development prospect of vertical farms is very optimistic.