The effects of different combination of organic fertilizer and bacterial manure on the fruit quality and aroma of Korla pear were investigated to provide reference and basis for improving the quality and cultivation of Korla fragrant pear. The results showed that the application of organic fertilizer and bacterial manure improved the external and internal quality of fruit,significantly increased the fruit weight per fruit,contents of soluble solid and soluble sugar,solid acid ratio,sugar acid ratio and most mineral elements. The content of organic acid was significantly reduced. Organic fertilizer and bacterial manure effectively improved the total aroma substances and content of characteristic aroma,highly increased the contents of three aroma substances including alcohol substance 9-decenol,aldehyde substance 2,6,10-trimethyl-9-undecenal and alkane substance nondecane. The results of principal component analyses showed that the effect of alginic acid flushing with organic fertilizer and bio-organic bacterial manure is the best.