克氏原螯虾sex-lethal基因的克隆与表达分析
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国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(31501858) ; 中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2662020SCPY004); 湖北省第二批现代农业产业技术体系“稻田综合种养创新团队”


Cloning and expression analyses of sex-lethal gene in Procambarus clarkii
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    摘要:

    为探究克氏原螯虾sex-lethal基因(Sxl)的功能与分子机制,采用RACE(rapid amplification of cDNA ends)技术克隆获得4个克氏原螯虾Sxl cDNA序列,利用荧光定量PCR技术检测其在不同组织以及早期发育时期的表达情况。生物信息学分析发现, PcSxlβ和PcSxlδ比PcSxlγ多了一段77 bp的碱基序列,而PcSxlβ和PcSxlδ预测所得的氨基酸序列较PcSxlγ短。克氏原螯虾的Sxl氨基酸序列与红螯螯虾的序列相似性较高(75.76%)。保守结构域分析显示,这4种转录异构体序列预测的氨基酸序列都具有2个相同的高度保守的RRM结构域。表达分析结果显示,PcSxl在成年雄性克氏原螯虾的触角腺和鳃中表达量较高,在成年雌性中则是中肠和前肠的表达量较高,雌性卵巢中的表达量要显著高于雄性精巢。早期发育时期中,无节幼体时期的表达量最高,在蚤状幼体期表达量出现下降,但在出膜后第1天表达量又有所升高,随后整体则呈现出逐渐下降的趋势。以上结果表明克氏原螯虾PcSxl与其性别分化有关。

    Abstract:

    In order to explore the function and molecular mechanism of sex-lethal gene in Procambarus clarkii,four Sxl cDNA sequences from P. clarkii were obtained using rapid amplification of cDNA ends,and their expression in different tissues and at early developmental stages were detected by quantitative fluorescence PCR. Bioinformatics analyses revealed that PcSxlβ and PcSxlδ were 77 bp longer than PcSxlγ,and the predicted amino acid sequence of PcSxlβ and PcSxlδ were shorter than that of PcSxlγ. The PcSxl sequences was highly similar to that of Cherax quadricarinatus (75.76%). The analysis of conservative domain showed that all the predicted amino acid sequences of the four transcriptional isomers had two highly conservative RRM domains. The expression analyses showed that PcSxl was highly expressed in the antennal glands and gills of adult males,and in the midgut and foregut of adult females,and was significantly higher in the female ovaries than the male testis. During the early developmental period of the crayfish,the expression of the genes was the highest at the nauplius stage,but decreased at the zoea stage; however,the expression level increased at the first day after hatching,and then showed a gradually decreasing trend. The results of this study suggested that PcSx was involved in sexual differentiation in P. clarki.

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费佳敏,石林林,李艳和.克氏原螯虾sex-lethal基因的克隆与表达分析[J].华中农业大学学报,2021,(1):120-128

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  • 收稿日期:2020-06-20
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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-02-10
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